Strong-arm Features of Denmark
Updated on April 10, 2014
“Matte as a battercake” is a description Danes unremarkably use around their state. It is but a overtone accuracy. Although the highest spot in the nation reaches no loftier altitude than 568 feet (173 meters), Denmark is a demesne of scenic diversity and mantrap. Its landscape shifts from clear tilth to beechwood woods, from lakes to islands, from wheeling hills to degree plains, from floating sandpaper dunes to exorbitant limestone cliffs. Nowhere is the nighest seashore more 32 miles (52 km) aside.
Denmark presents a hellenic frigid landscape. Spell conterminous Norway and Sweden were formed mostly by frozen eroding, Denmark was constructed from icy deposits transported thither by moving glaciers and odd arse when they retreated northbound again. But the Baltic island of Bornholm was formed by self-colored granite. Westerly Jutland was created by meltwater deposits that encircled and joined old moraine islands; northerly Jutland by a combining of embossed seafloor, nautical head, and backbone dunes; and the ease of Jutland too as the islands to the e of it by new moraines, interspaced by subglacial valleys.
The peninsula of Jutland ( Jylland ), some 200 miles (320 km) hanker and 100 miles (160 km) all-encompassing at its broadest head, constitutes two thirds (11,493 lame miles, or 29,767 sq km) of Denmark’s soil. Its northerly tip is well-nigh severed from the relaxation of the peninsula by the Limfjord, the deepest of the Danish inlets. Lesser inlets dot the easterly seashore, providing born harbors and township sites. Jutland’s westerly coast—storm lashed, inhospitable, and sparsely populated—is formed by an nigh unploughed rap of backbone dunes stretch clear from Skagen in the far northward to Esbjerg south. From thither to the German mete, salt-marsh plains conformation the coastline EduBirdie. Hither and thither, the winds movement backbone dunes 6 to 10 yards (5 to 9 meters) eastwards yearly, but the fatal sandstorms of one-time days let been halted by innovative ascendancy measures. Not solitary has the departure of farming been stopped-up, but farming has been rescued from the sea by dyke structure and drain. In westerly Jutland too as on the coasts of approximately of the major islands, more 2 gazillion demesne (810,000 hectares) get been rescued and cultured in the Twentieth 100.
The lonesome role of Denmark left-hand exposed by ice during the finale Ice was a share of Jutland to the w of a job linear northwards for 100 miles (160 km) from the German approach the Baltic slide. This is a area of outwash plains that was covered by broom moorland until a c ago. Settled and civilized since so, it is now an expanse of well-tilled farms and conifer plantations. Its pathetic podzol is outflank suitable for growth sens, common fodder, kohlrabi, and beets, and it is a dear domain for rearing kine and pigs. Its lonesome major metropolis is Esbjerg, a lead sportfishing interface.
Eastward of the icy last occupation, Jutland offers a scenic pic of hills and lakes, plentiful farms and picturesque villages, beechwood, oak, and tittivate forests, and bustling coastal cities. Its hard fertilized brownish woodland grease sustains grain and theme agricultural, and the boss crops are barleycorn, straw edubirdie, kohlrabi, potatoes, and fodder beets. Many inlets gaolbreak the coastline from Århus (Aarhus) Bay to the German moulding, apiece with a townspeople at its drumhead.
Århus is Denmark’s second-largest metropolis and easterly Jutland’s preeminent commercial-grade, transport, and industrial essence. Randers, located at the talk of Denmark’s longest river, the 98-mile (158-km)-long Guden, is 25 miles (40 km) to the northward. South lie Horsens, Vejle, Fredericia, Kolding, Haderslev, and Åbenrå, all manufacture towns, seaports, and commercial-grade centers for their farming hinterlands. A shortstop space w of Århus is the beautiful lake and mound land where Yding Skovhøj, the highest item in Denmark, is set.
Northerly Jutland is a realm of mat coastal plains, bordered on the westward by guts dunes. It emerged from the sea aft the finis Methamphetamine and tod is principally ploughland. Its head metropolis, and Denmark’s fourth-largest, is Ålborg, a lead industrial plaza and interface on the Limfjord.
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The Danish islands betwixt Jutland and Sweden are in footing of geology and botany an prolongation of easterly Jutland. Crops and fleshly agriculture are much monovular, with just shaver local variations.
The largest and westmost of these islands is Sjælland (Zealand), with an region of 2,713 lame miles (7,026 sq km). It is dislocated from Sweden by the Øresund, a specialize straits that at one pointedness is lone 2.5 miles (4 km) all-inclusive. Sjælland and its 23 planet islands mannikin the about thickly inhabited parting of Denmark, with terminated two fifths of the commonwealth’s universe on but one one-sixth of its district. A bulk of them be in metropolitan Copenhagen. Early authoritative cities on Sjælland are Roskilde, Helsingør, Næstved, and Slagelse. Roskilde, tod an crucial industrial centre with distilleries, car shops, and food-processing plants, was Denmark’s chapiter until 1443 and its ecclesiastic plaza until 1536. It lies at the caput of the Roskildefjord, an arm of the Isefjord, which penetrates from the Kattegat seashore nearly to the mettle of the island.
Fyn (Funen), with an domain of 1,152 feather miles (2,984 sq km), which is placed ‘tween Sjælland and Jutland, is the secondment largest of the Danish islands. It is spaced from Sjælland by the Storehouse Baelt and from Jutland by the Lille Baelt. Its chief cities are Odense, Denmark’s 3rd largest, and Svendborg. Odense has heavy shipyards, ironworks, distilleries, food-processing plants, and car factories. Lesser islands therein radical, set south of Sjælland and Fyn, admit Lolland, Falster, Langeland, Møn, and Ærø. The salient flannel crank cliffs on the coasts of Møn hike supra 400 feet (122 meters).
The island of Bornholm (227 feather miles, or 588 sq km) off the southerly sea-coast of Sweden has nada geologically in plebeian with the remainder of Denmark. Rough and semibarren, it supports subsistence agribusiness and exports granite and kaoline. Sportfishing is a major business.